A Tailor’s bunion is a condition characterized by the formation of a painful bump on the outside of the foot, just below the little or fifth toe. The technical name for this condition is “bunionette” because of its resemblance to a traditional bunion that forms on the big toe’s base. While traditional bunions develop on the inside of the foot, Tailor’s bunions affect the outer part, leading to pain and inflammation in the affected area.
The primary cause of Tailor’s bunion is the misalignment of the fifth metatarsal bone, which results in the little toe shifting inward, while the metatarsal bone protrudes outward. Some common risk factors that can contribute to the development of a Tailor’s bunion include genetics. If you have a family history of foot deformities or bunions, you might be at a higher risk of developing a Tailor’s bunion. Wearing tight or narrow shoes, particularly those with pointed toes, can force the toes together, leading to misalignment and increased pressure on the fifth metatarsal. People with certain foot structures, such as a high arch or a flexible foot, may be more susceptible to developing Tailor’s bunions.
The symptoms of Tailor’s bunion may vary in intensity and can include pain and tenderness over the bony bump that can become sore, painful, and tender to the touch, especially when wearing shoes or applying pressure to the affected area. The skin around the bunionette may become red, swollen, and irritated due to the pressure and friction from footwear. As the condition progresses, you may experience reduced mobility in the little toe, making it difficult to perform certain activities.
Treatment Options for a Tailors Bunion:
Make sure you are wearing roomy, comfortable shoes with a wide toe box can alleviate pressure on the bunionette and provide relief. Any shoe that puts any pressure on the joint are best avoided. Stay away from high heel shoes as they increase the pressure on the problem. Protective pads and corrective pads can help reduce friction and protect the affected area. The pads can be placed on or around the enlarged joint.
If these conservative methods fail to provide relief, surgery may be considered to realign the bone and correct the deformity.